Meet The Two Newest Themes: Haberdasher And Collection

Meet The Two Newest Themes: Haberdasher And Collection
  1. Meet The Two Newest Themes: Haberdasher And Collection Center
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideasexplored in a literary work.
Meet The Two Newest Themes: Haberdasher And Collection

Deliver better projects faster. Web, design & video assets Unlimited downloads, from $16.50/month. Effortless design and video. Made online by you. Themes are identified by bringing together components or fragments of ideas or experiences, which often are meaningless when viewed alone (Aronson, 1994). A theme is not necessarily dependent on quantifiable measures but rather on whether it captures something important in relation to the overall research question (Braun & Clarke, 2006).

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The Use of Technology to Control Society

Brave New World warns of the dangersof giving the state control over new and powerful technologies.One illustration of this theme is the rigid control of reproductionthrough technological and medical intervention, including the surgicalremoval of ovaries, the Bokanovsky Process, and hypnopaedic conditioning.Another is the creation of complicated entertainment machines thatgenerate both harmless leisure and the high levels of consumptionand production that are the basis of the World State’s stability. Soma isa third example of the kind of medical, biological, and psychologicaltechnologies that Brave New World criticizes mostsharply.

It is important to recognize the distinction between scienceand technology. Whereas the State talks about progress and science, whatit really means is the bettering of technology, not increased scientificexploration and experimentation. The state uses science as a meansto build technology that can create a seamless, happy, superficialworld through things such as the “feelies.” The state censors andlimits science, however, since it sees the fundamental basis behindscience, the search for truth, as threatening to the State’s control.The State’s focus on happiness and stability means that it uses theresults of scientific research, inasmuch as they contribute to technologiesof control, but does not support science itself.

The Consumer Society

It is important to understand that BraveNew World is not simply a warning about what could happento society if things go wrong, it is also a satire of the societyin which Huxley existed, and which still exists today. While theattitudes and behaviors of World State citizens at first appearbizarre, cruel, or scandalous, many clues point to the conclusionthat the World State is simply an extreme—but logically developed—versionof our society’s economic values, in which individual happinessis defined as the ability to satisfy needs, and success as a societyis equated with economic growth and prosperity.

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The Incompatibility of Happiness and Truth

Brave New World is full of characterswho do everything they can to avoid facing the truth about theirown situations. The almost universal use of the drug soma isprobably the most pervasive example of such willful self-delusion. Soma cloudsthe realities of the present and replaces them with happy hallucinations,and is thus a tool for promoting social stability. But even Shakespearecan be used to avoid facing the truth, as John demonstrates by hisinsistence on viewing Lenina through the lens of Shakespeare’sworld, first as a Juliet and later as an “impudent strumpet.” Accordingto Mustapha Mond, the World State prioritizes happiness at the expenseof truth by design: he believes that people are better off withhappiness than with truth.

What are these two abstract entities that Mond juxtaposes?It seems clear enough from Mond’s argument that happiness refersto the immediate gratification of every citizen’s desire for food,sex, drugs, nice clothes, and other consumer items. It is less clearwhat Mond means by truth, or specifically what truthshe sees the World State society as covering up. From Mond’s discussionwith John, it is possible to identify two main types of truth thatthe World State seeks to eliminate. First, as Mond’s own past indicates,the World State controls and muffles all efforts by citizens togain any sort of scientific, or empirical truth. Second, the governmentattempts to destroy all kinds of “human” truths, such as love, friendship,and personal connection. These two types of truth are quite different fromeach other: objective truth involves coming to a definitive conclusionof fact, while a “human” truth can only be explored, not defined.Yet both kinds of truth are united in the passion that an individualmight feel for them. As a young man, Mustapha Mond became enrapturedwith the delight of making discoveries, just as John loves the languageand intensity of Shakespeare. The search for truth then, also seemsto involve a great deal of individual effort, of striving and fightingagainst odds. The very will to search for truth is an individualdesire that the communal society of Brave New World, basedas it is on anonymity and lack of thought, cannot allow to exist.Truth and individuality thus become entwined in the novel’s thematicstructure.

The Dangers of an All-Powerful State

Meet The Two Newest Themes: Haberdasher And Collection Center

Like George Orwell’s 1984, this noveldepicts a dystopia in which an all-powerful state controls the behaviorsand actions of its people in order to preserve its own stabilityand power. But a major difference between the two is that, whereasin 1984 control is maintained by constant governmentsurveillance, secret police, and torture, power in BraveNew World is maintained through technological interventionsthat start before birth and last until death, and that actuallychange what people want. The government of 1984 maintains powerthrough force and intimidation. The government of BraveNew World retains control by making its citizens so happyand superficially fulfilled that they don’t care about their personalfreedom. In Brave New World the consequences ofstate control are a loss of dignity, morals, values, and emotions—inshort, a loss of humanity.